Knowledge is the only weapon you have when it comes to defending oneself, verbally. If one has a better understanding regarding criminal law, then he or she has the advantage of being intact with crimes that will put one's life in jeopardy. In order to be defended, one must first know the basics of criminal law. Criminal law is a part of law which regulates investigation about a particular case, establish appropriate punishment, define crimes committed, and prosecute people who are accused.
Criminal law has both substantive law and criminal procedure. Both regulate enforcement and implementation of substantive criminal law. Substantive law defines punishment and crime. You are expected to be punished in accordance with the crime that was done. Example, if you are found guilty of murder, then a murderer's punishment will be set on you. Criminal procedure, on the other hand, is primarily concerned with the different legal rules that should be followed and steps which one must take in order to prosecute, investigate, convict, apprehend, charge, and even give punishments to individuals who are accused of violating certain laws. Technically, criminal procedures describe how things should be properly conducted.
One of the main purposes of criminal law is protecting the public from any form of harm which may inflict punishment on the people who did something wrong or even threatening to the lives of others. There are varying aims regarding harm protection in criminal law. It might be bodily injury that resulted to unhealthy complications, physical harm, immorality, damage or loss of property, government danger, and disturbance to the peace and order of the public. Any form of conduct that has the cause for disturbance or was not successful in causing it is reason enough to be constituted as a crime.
Both criminal and civil law has a certain common system which responds to the harmful acts that are committed by different individuals. Although it is expected that for every kind of law, a corresponding response is reserved. If a person has already committed a crime against the public, and has become a pertinent injury to the society, then the case would be prosecuted as a kind of criminal case. If one is convicted or is found guilty, he or she should be penalized through criminal law by imprisonment, a fine or even death. There are cases wherein the person has invoked both civil and criminal crime.
There are theories wherein criminal punishment is are set. These theories tend to explain and justify the different goals of criminal law which includes:
There will be circumstances wherein overlapping of punishments happens. That is why punishment tends to promote a conflict and goal.
To find out more about a crime, a criminal defense lawyer handles the case. Once everything is set, outcome of the trial can be found in different sources like the criminal division, asking the clerk, and getting copies. The internet is also a good source of information though it may cost you. If you wanted copies more than one, then request it to the court although if you wanted to get the bulk, you must be able to afford.
In every state, there are specific general guidelines that must be followed therefore do not expect that rules and regulations are the same.